Wednesday, 23 October 2013

How are icebergs made?

The icebergs in the North Atlantic are large pieces of ice that have broken off from the glaciers of Greenland. Since frozen water is lighter than liquid water, the broken pieces float as icebergs on the sea.
They are pointy and often interspersed with debris. In contrast, the icebergs in the South Atlantic are mostly flat. They can float for thousands of kilometres before they melt. Only one-ninth of an iceberg stays above the water. If the part above the water is 100 m high, then below is 800 m deep.